Diabetes Q & A

What is type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes occurs when your blood sugar is too high. Blood glucose comes from the food we eat; it’s your primary source of energy. Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin, and it helps glucose enter our cells and become energy.

In patients with type 1 diabetes, their body’s immune system attacks the cells that make insulin. Without enough insulin, glucose remains in their blood and never reaches their cells. That creates a host of health problems including:

  • Eye problems

  • Dental problems

  • Foot problems

  • Heart disease

  • Kidney disease

  • Nerve damage

  • Stroke

Type 1 diabetes symptoms include:

  • Blurred vision

  • Fatigue

  • Increased hunger

  • Increased thirst and urination

  • Unexplained weight-loss

People with type 1 diabetes use a syringe, pen, or pump to supplement the insulin their body lacks. An active lifestyle, special diet, and regular insulin all help keep diabetes under control.

What is Type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. It occurs when the body doesn’t make enough insulin to convert blood glucose from the food we eat into energy. Blood glucose remains in the cells and causes a variety of health problems, including vision loss and heart disease.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms include:

  • Blurred vision

  • Fatigue

  • Increased thirst and urination

  • Numbness or tingling in hands or feet

  • Sores that don’t heal

  • Unexplained weight loss

A physical exam, symptom assessment, and blood tests are used to diagnose type 2 diabetes. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is highly preventable. Physical inactivity and obesity are two leading risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Sometimes a few lifestyle changes are all that’s necessary to keep type 2 diabetes under control.

What is prediabetes?

Prediabetes is a serious medical condition. Without treatment, prediabetes increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, stroke, and heart disease. In patients with prediabetes, blood sugar levels are higher than normal but haven’t reached the range of type 2 diabetes.

Prediabetes risk factors include:

  • Being 45 or older

  • Being overweight

  • Being physically active less than three times a week

  • Having an immediate family member with type 2 diabetes

The CDC estimates that more than 84 million adults in the US have prediabetes, and most have yet to be diagnosed.

With proactive diabetes management and ongoing care, patients can live long, healthy lives, avoiding irreversible complications of this serious disease. Call or go online to book your checkup with Dr. Rabadi today.

Ammir Rabadi, M.D.
Board Certified Family Practice Physician located in Yonkers, NY
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 30 million Americans have diabetes -- and a quarter of them don’t even know it. Without treatment, diabetes causes serious health problems like heart and kidney disease. Dr. Ammir Rabadi of Yonkers, New York treats type 1 and type 2 diabetes as well as prediabetes, keeping patients healthy and active throughout their lives. Call or go online to book your diabetes checkup with Dr. Rabadi.