Type 1 diabetes occurs when your blood sugar is too high. Blood glucose comes from the food we eat; it’s your primary source of energy. Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin, and it helps glucose enter our cells and become energy.
In patients with type 1 diabetes, their body’s immune system attacks the cells that make insulin. Without enough insulin, glucose remains in their blood and never reaches their cells. That creates a host of health problems including:
Type 1 diabetes symptoms include:
People with type 1 diabetes use a syringe, pen, or pump to supplement the insulin their body lacks. An active lifestyle, special diet, and regular insulin all help keep diabetes under control.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. It occurs when the body doesn’t make enough insulin to convert blood glucose from the food we eat into energy. Blood glucose remains in the cells and causes a variety of health problems, including vision loss and heart disease.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms include:
A physical exam, symptom assessment, and blood tests are used to diagnose type 2 diabetes. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is highly preventable. Physical inactivity and obesity are two leading risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Sometimes a few lifestyle changes are all that’s necessary to keep type 2 diabetes under control.
Prediabetes is a serious medical condition. Without treatment, prediabetes increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, stroke, and heart disease. In patients with prediabetes, blood sugar levels are higher than normal but haven’t reached the range of type 2 diabetes.
Prediabetes risk factors include:
The CDC estimates that more than 84 million adults in the US have prediabetes, and most have yet to be diagnosed.
With proactive diabetes management and ongoing care, patients can live long, healthy lives, avoiding irreversible complications of this serious disease. Call or go online to book your checkup with Dr. Rabadi today.
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