STD and STI Q & A

What is an STI or STD?

The terms sexually-transmitted infection (STI) and sexually-transmitted disease (STD) are often used interchangeably, though they’re not exactly the same.

Both terms essentially refer to infections that oral, anal, or vaginal intercourse transmit. Not all sexually-transmitted infections turn into a disease, hence the distinction. But all STIs and STDs require medical attention to prevent future health problems.

The most common STIs and STDs include:

  • Bacterial Vaginosis

  • Chlamydia

  • Genital herpes

  • Gonorrhea


  • Human papillomavirus

Symptoms and treatment vary between conditions. Some are curable while others never go away, but are successfully managed with medication. All present health complications if left untreated.

What are STI and STD symptoms?

STI and STD symptoms vary significantly, but some common signs can indicate that something’s wrong, such as:

  • Abdominal pain

  • Discharge from the penis or vagina

  • Genital itching, odor, or pain

  • Pain during sex

  • Painful urination

  • Spotting between menstrual periods

HIV and other viruses have flu-like symptoms that patients may overlook or ignore. Other STIs don’t come with any symptoms at all. For that reason, safe sex and regular STI and STD screenings are crucial for anyone who’s sexually-active.  

How do doctors test for STI and STD?

Dr. Rabadi tests for STIs and STDs in a few different ways, depending on your medical history and symptoms.

First, Dr. Rabadi discusses your overall health and sexual history before performing a physical exam. He then examines the genitals for signs of STI; pelvic exams may be necessary for female patients. He also uses a blood test, urine sample, genital swab, and mouth swab to detect STIs and STDs.   

No one who’s sexually active should assume their partner is safe. “Hidden” STIs and STDs can be the most dangerous. Caring for your sexual health is vital for preserving your fertility and preventing severe, life-changing health complications.

Dr. Rabadi treats all patients with discretion and compassion. To schedule a complete sexual health consultation, call or book your appointment online today.

Ammir Rabadi, M.D.
Board Certified Family Practice Physician located in Yonkers, NY
Half of all sexually-active people will get a sexually-transmitted infection (STI) or disease (STD) by the age of 25. Shame and fear hold many back from seeing their doctor. Without treatment, many of these infections will cause severe and long-lasting health issues. Ammir Rabadi, MD of Yonkers, New York effectively and discreetly treats all common STI’s and STD’s. Call or go online to schedule your private sexual health screening today.